aaa. See Agricultural Adjustment
Administration
absentee voting, 209, 212, 245, 246
aces. See Alabama Cooperative Exten-
sion Ser­vice
Adam, Otis “Red,” 148
Adams, Charles  J., 34, 35, 36, 38, 81,
99, 101, 127
Adler, J. C., 16
afl. See American Federation of ­
Labor
African Americans, 21, 22; in armed
forces, 35–36, 96–99; businesses/
institutions, 27–31, 36, 112–15, 142,
147–48; citizenship, 4, 36, 37–38,
142, 255–56n4; excluded from jury
duty, 128; farmers lawsuit, 242–43;
laborers, 19–22, 22, 41–43, 49,
102–4, 117–18, 134, 139–40;
lynchings, 57; ­ middle class, 12, 28;
migration during WWI, 41–44;
po­liti­cal repre­sen­ ta ­ tion, 179–81,
203–7, 214–17, 233–37; profession-
als, 29. See also civil rights; protest
campaigns; voting rights
African American State Baptist
Convention, 27
African Methodist Episcopal (ame)
Church. See Alabama African
Methodist Episcopal (ame) Church;
Brown Chapel African Methodist
Episcopal (ame) Church; St.  Paul’s
African Methodist Episcopal (ame)
Church
Agee, W. C., 41, 139
Agricultural Adjustment Administra-
tion (aaa), 69–70, 72, 75, 84–85, 90
Aid to Families with Dependent ­
Children, 172–73, 198, 238
Air Corps Pursuit Training School, 91
Alabama: Constitution of 1901, 5–10,
26, 38, 46; House of Representa-
tives, 7; map of Black ­ Belt, xvii. See
also Selma, AL
Alabama African Methodist Episcopal
(ame) Church, 28
Alabama Baptist Hospital, 17
Alabama Citizens’ Council, 138
Alabama Colored Baptists, 12, 29
Alabama Cooperative Extension ­
Ser­vice (aces): agricultural educa-
tion, 32–33, 39–40, 44, 48, 49, 51,
53, 55, 56, 104; on boll weevil, 32,
49, 51; on farmers’ cooperation, 60;
INDEX
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