D. HISTORICAL OVERVIEWS AND TESTIMONIES
OF SEYMOUR AND THE AZUSA REVIVAL
INTRODUCTION
The following sources are historical overviews and testimonies about Sey-
mour and the Azusa Revival and their influence around the world. These
sources have been culled from histories, autobiographies, testimonies, di-
aries, reports, newspapers, books, and journals. The following testimonies
reveal the influence that Seymour and Azusa had on some of the most im-
portant pioneer Pentecostal leaders around the world. They also help to ex-
plain why Seymour’s vision and version of Pentecostalism had so quickly—
in the words of Parham—supplanted his own “the true Apostolic work.”
HISTORICAL OVERVIEWS
INTRODUCTION
Although none of the following documents were written by academically
trained historians, most provide a broader overview of how and/or why
change took place over time in the Azusa Street Revival, in Seymour’s min-
istry, and in particular conflicts at Azusa. Shumway’s thesis is arguably one
of the most important sources on Seymour because it is based on interviews
with Seymour and Parham and three hundred people (friends and foes)
across the United States and around the world. Bartleman’s Azusa Street was
one of the first historical overviews of the rise, decline, and influence of
Azusa. Vanzandt, Cook, Osterberg, and the obituary provide more partisan
but still important firsthand insights and interpretations of Seymour’s life,
actions, and influence.
39. CHARLES SHUMWAY
Shumway’s (1886–1934) 1914 ab thesis at the University of Southern Cali-
fornia is one of the earliest and most important critical sources on Seymour,
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