They played a key role in spreading Seymour’s vision and version of Pente-
costalism and his emphasis on racial equality. Many of these people below
became key leaders in global Pentecostalism.
Durham was a Kentucky Baptist who pastored in Michigan for several
years before taking over Chicago North Avenue Mission in 1901. He first
heard about Azusa from ministers in Chicago and Louis and Emma Os-
terberg, former Michigan friends. They paid Durham’s train fare and room
and board to visit Azusa on February 10, 1907. Durham was immediately
struck by Seymour’s deep spirituality and gentle spirit. His North Avenue
Mission soon became one of the leading centers of global Pentecostalism
and sent out Aimee Semple McPherson, A. H. Argue (Canada), E. N.
Bell, Howard Goss, Daniel Berg (Brazil), Adolf Gunner Vingren (Brazil),
and Luigi Francescon (Argentina, Brazil). After 1911, he promoted his
“Finished Work of Calvary” views on sanctification and repudiated the
traditional Pentecostal position that sanctification was a second work of
grace. He maintained fraternal relations with Seymour until he attempted
to take over the Azusa mission in February 1911. He was expelled in May
and set up a rival mission in Los Angeles before he died of tuberculosis in
July 1912.
a chicago evangelist’s pentecost.
(AF, February– March 1907, 4)
Chicago, Ill., March 19.
Dear Readers of the Apostolic Faith . . .
Nine years ago I was deeply convicted of sin. . . . Five years ago I was
called into the ministry . . . I traveled as an evangelist from coast to coast
. . . speaking to as high as 1,000 people at a time. . . . And many were saved,
sanctified, and many healed.
But in some way all this did not satisfy me, and for a year the heart hunger
has increased . . . I kept praying for love, [and] power . . .
Finally I heard of the . . . Azusa Street Mission . . . Later . . . the Lord
impressed me to go . . . and attend the meetings, and seek the baptism in the
Holy Ghost. Finally on Feb. 8, [1907] I arrived there. . . .
The first thing that impressed me was the love and unity that prevailed
in the meeting, and the heavenly sweetness that filled the very air that I
breathed . . . I never felt the power and glory that I felt in Azusa Street Mis-
sion, and when about twenty persons joined in singing the “Heavenly Cho-
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