Philip S. Foner, ed., Our America byJose Marti: Writings on Latin America and the
Strugglefor Cuban Independence (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1977),86-87.
See Frank Safford, "Politics, Ideology and Society in Post-Independence Spanish
America," in The Cambridge History of Latin America, 8 vols. (London: Cam-
bridge University Press, 1986), 3: 347-421; Tulio Halperin Donghi, "Economy
and Society in post-Independence Spanish America," in The Cambridge History,
3: 299-34 6. See also Arthur P. Whitaker, Nationalism in Latin America (Gaines-
ville: University Presses of Florida, 1962), 20; Gerhard Masur, Nationalism in
Latin America: Diversity and Unity (New York: Macmillan, 1966); Victor Alba,
Nationalists Without Nations: The Oligarchy Versus the People in Latin America
(New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1968),31-61; Samuel Baily, ed., Nationalism
in Latin America
(New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1971),3-84.
3. In addition to the sources in the previous note see the following for specific
national experiences: Samuel L. Baily, Labor, Nationalism, and Politics in Argen-
tina (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1967); Robert Freeman
Smith, The United States and Revolutionary Nationalism in Mexico (Chicago: Uni-
versity of Chicago Press, 1972); Henry C. Schmidt, The Roots of 'LOMexicano":
Self and Society in Mexican Thought, 1900-1934 (College Station: Texas A
University Press, 1978); and E. Bradford Burns, Nationalism in Brazil: A Histor-
ical Survey (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1968), 51-71. See also Charles A.
Hale, "Political and Social Ideas in Latin America, 1870-1930," in The Cambridge
History, 4:
367-44 2.
4. For a discussion of the various Latin American intellectuals who questioned
many of the basic assumptions of traditional liberalism see E. Bradford Burns,
The Poverty of Progress:Latin America in the Nineteenth Century (Berkeley: Uni-
versity of California Press,
5. For the purposes of this study nationalism refers to the advocacy of a politically
independent nation. Cubans who 'were imbued with a distinct sense of cubanidad,
but who did not necessarily aspire to political independence, are referred to as
cultural nationalists.
6. Cuban nationalism is usually considered implicitly in the voluminous literature
Previous Page Next Page