Notes
Preface
I.
Philip S. Foner, ed., Our America byJose Marti: Writings on Latin America and the
Strugglefor Cuban Independence (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1977),86-87.
2.
See Frank Safford, "Politics, Ideology and Society in Post-Independence Spanish
America," in The Cambridge History of Latin America, 8 vols. (London: Cam-
bridge University Press, 1986), 3: 347-421; Tulio Halperin Donghi, "Economy
and Society in post-Independence Spanish America," in The Cambridge History,
3: 299-34 6. See also Arthur P. Whitaker, Nationalism in Latin America (Gaines-
ville: University Presses of Florida, 1962), 20; Gerhard Masur, Nationalism in
Latin America: Diversity and Unity (New York: Macmillan, 1966); Victor Alba,
Nationalists Without Nations: The Oligarchy Versus the People in Latin America
(New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1968),31-61; Samuel Baily, ed., Nationalism
in Latin America
(New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1971),3-84.
3. In addition to the sources in the previous note see the following for specific
national experiences: Samuel L. Baily, Labor, Nationalism, and Politics in Argen-
tina (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1967); Robert Freeman
Smith, The United States and Revolutionary Nationalism in Mexico (Chicago: Uni-
versity of Chicago Press, 1972); Henry C. Schmidt, The Roots of 'LOMexicano":
Self and Society in Mexican Thought, 1900-1934 (College Station: Texas A
&
M
University Press, 1978); and E. Bradford Burns, Nationalism in Brazil: A Histor-
ical Survey (New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1968), 51-71. See also Charles A.
Hale, "Political and Social Ideas in Latin America, 1870-1930," in The Cambridge
History, 4:
367-44 2.
4. For a discussion of the various Latin American intellectuals who questioned
many of the basic assumptions of traditional liberalism see E. Bradford Burns,
The Poverty of Progress:Latin America in the Nineteenth Century (Berkeley: Uni-
versity of California Press,
1980),
51-71.
5. For the purposes of this study nationalism refers to the advocacy of a politically
independent nation. Cubans who 'were imbued with a distinct sense of cubanidad,
but who did not necessarily aspire to political independence, are referred to as
cultural nationalists.
6. Cuban nationalism is usually considered implicitly in the voluminous literature
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