Introduction
Jane S. Jaquette and Gale Summerfield
This collection of essays arose out of our perception that as the field of women
and gender issues in development has expanded and grown more complex, it may
be losing its momentum. We invited several people to use their research and ex-
perience to reflect on where they think the field is today and where it is going.
We looked for authors from a variety of roles, from scholars and policy makers to
advocates and those who do fieldwork in specific sectors. We sought perspectives
from different regions, including Latin America, Asia, and Africa, and from men
as well as women. Some of our writers accept, if they do not champion, global-
ization; others are quite critical of it.
This volume offers a rich menu of views. It is appearing at a time when the
international political system is being rapidly restructured, with important impli-
cations for multilateral approaches, development models, and resource flows. We
are no longer living in a ‘‘post–Cold War’’ world, which was characterized by the
unquestioned dominance of neoliberal economics and a rising wave of democra-
tization.1
The debt crisis of the 1980s gave the Western industrialized countries
the leverage to push for economic reforms in many regions of the world, includ-
ing policies that reduced the role of the state and increased trade and investment,
promoting ‘‘free markets’’ to stimulate growth. The so-called Washington Con-
sensus in favor of structural adjustment reforms had the positive effect of re-
ducing inflation in many cases and increasing capital flows, but the negative effect
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