Preface and Acknowledgments
We dedicate this volume to Irene Tinker (author of the ﬁnal essay in Part III) in
recognition of her role as a key intellectual provocateur of the ﬁeld of women/
gender and development. A scholar-activist who taught at Howard University,
American University, and Berkeley, Irene helped make a focus on women part
of U.S. aid policy through her role in formulating and lobbying for the Percy
Amendment, which established the Women and Development Oﬃce at usaid.
She co-founded several institutions, including the Wellesley Center on Women,
the International Center for Research on Women, and the Equity Policy Center.
For many years she headed the U.S. Council for instraw (the un International
Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women).
Throughout her career, Irene has traveled widely, seeking out activists and
scholars and bringing to the fore issues that were on the minds of women in the
global South, but which were not yet part of the development debate. She ran the
ﬁrst conference on women and development issues in Mexico City, just before
the ﬁrst un Conference on Women in 1975. In the 1970s she brought to the fore
issues of women, energy, and technology at the household level; her work in the
1980s made the role of street foods visible to scholars and planners; in the 1990s
she helped pioneer work on women and property rights, looking especially at the
implications for women of the privatization of land and housing. Her most re-