Appendix B. Chronology of Legislation Targeting
or Affecting Women
1918 Voting rights granted for women, women first participate in
elections of 1919
1920 Legal gender equality included in the Constitution
1947 Age limit for retirement for women reduced from age sixty-
five to sixty (remains sixty-five for men)
1950 ilo Convention on prohibition of night work for women is
ratified; women cannot work at night except in the indus-
tries of health, sanitation, culture, entertainment, educa-
tion, transportation, and tourism (in 1992, this prohibition
was reinforced by the Constitutional Court)
1952 ilo Convention no. 103 is ratified; the principle of provid-
ing maternity protection and leave is accepted, but no prac-
tical applications are offered
1953 ilo Convention on Protective Labor Legislation for
Women is ratified, but is reexamined and abolished in 1976
1957 Federal protective legislation for mothers is passed with the
following provisions: women can take six months unpaid
maternity leave; cannot be fired before and after birth;
must take eight weeks leave before birth; must be trans-
ferred to less-strenuous work (all provisions on condition of
medical examinations)
1961 Maternity leave extended to one year: unemployment in-
surance pays income for those eligible, and period does not
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