Index
Acculturation, 18–19; Arguedas’s resis-
tance to, 21–22, 118, 129; conquest as,
46; indigenous cultures and, 55, 61, 87,
104–5, 127; modernization as, 15, 17,
45; response of hinterland regions to,
48–49, 116–18
Agua (Arguedas), 121–22, 133, 153, 162,
165, 176
Aguirre Beltrán, Gonzalo, 220 n. 28
Alegría, Ciro, 96, 101, 103, 110, 125, 137–39,
160
Alencastre, Andrés, 51, 177–78
Altamirano, Ignacio, 5–6
Amauta (indigenista journal), 44, 95;
Arguedas and leaders of, 121–25, 129,
137, 209
Amazonian region, 39, 50–60
American Spanish, 23–25, 43, 48, 51, 61,
75–76, 86, 164–66
Andean cultural area, 38, 50, 83, 85–94,
122; as hinterland, 100, 107; mestizo
culture in, 100, 104; regional diversity
of, 109. See also Coastal zones; Highland
zones: of Andean region
Andrade, Mário de, 11, 14, 16–17, 81, 219
n. 13
Anthropology, 8, 11, 18, 21, 30–31, 37–39,
41, 43, 50–62, 77, 86, 112, 115, 131, 137,
140, 203, 205
Argentina, 9–10, 13, 23–25, 30–31, 87–88,
93–94, 97, 111
Arguedas, José María: as anthropologist
and ethnologist, 21–22, 82–83, 113, 116,
119–21, 125–26, 129–31, 136–40, 147, 162,
191–95, 209; class and culture in works
by, 65–66, 116, 122, 137–39, 152, 173–74,
178–79, 190, 204, 211–13; folklore
studies by, 119–21, 126, 131–32, 140,
147–52, 162–63, 171–72, 178–79, 185, 211,
213; indigenismo revised by, 107–15,
123–29; life and career of, xvi–xvii, 110,
113, 116, 119–22, 139–41, 144; literary art
of, 133–39; mestizo figure in works by,
83, 108, 113–16, 119, 124–31, 133, 136–41,
165, 185, 197; music and song in works
by, 147, 149, 170–71, 176; myth and
mythical thinking in works by, 34, 83,
117, 131–32, 135–36, 149, 152–55, 185–86,
195, 203–8, 212–14; transculturation in
works by, 43–46, 50, 100, 175, 185; use
of Quechua and Spanish by, 24, 51, 61,
110, 145–52, 162–76. See also individual
works
Arreola, Juan José, 69–70, 74, 77
Asturias, Miguel Ángel, 16, 32, 175, 185,
208
Avant- garde, 6, 9–12, 14, 26–30, 34, 45,
70–72, 104, 108–9, 140–42, 145, 150, 172,
179. See also Modernism
Ayllu (Andean community form), 101,
172
Azuela, Mariano, 10, 101, 107, 165
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